Tobacco & Your Teeth: What’re  the Risks Of Chewing And Smoking?

Tobacco & Your Teeth: What're the Risks Of Chewing And Smoking?

Aug 01, 2022

Smoking and chewing tobacco affect your dental health badly. It increases the risk of heart diseases, diabetes, COPD, chronic bronchitis, certain eye diseases, rheumatoid arthritis, etc. That is why it is essential to take care of your oral health to prevent such issues from occurring.

How Does Smoking Affect Gums and Teeth?

Smoking exposes teeth to nicotine and tobacco. This can lead to yellowing of teeth, bad breath, and deep stains. It can also result in serious gum diseases and require a quick treatment at Huntington Family Dental. As you know, gum disease is one of the primary causes of tooth loss in adults.

Remember, the more you chew tobacco and smoke, the more it will affect your taste. The things you drink and eat also have a significant effect on your teeth. If you had this bad habit for numerous years, quitting it can lower the chance of declining your dental health. It will not only protect your teeth but also reduce the likelihood of other health issues.


Let’s explore the risks associated with smoking and tobacco chewing:

    1. Gum Diseases

Individuals that chew tobacco and smoke are at a high risk of gum diseases. Also known as periodontal disease, it is an infection that causes a significant effect on the gum lining. This infection damages the bones supporting the teeth and nearby it.

The calculus and plaque buildup can also lead to gum irritation around teeth. The two most common stages of gum disease are gingivitis and periodontitis. If you fail to treat periodontitis, the tooth structure becomes weak and damaged.

With time, your teeth may get loose or come out themselves. Smokers usually have more tartar accumulation on their teeth, unlike non-smokers. Moreover, the nicotine present in tobacco lowers the production of saliva.

It increases the buildup of tartar and bacteria in the mouth. The gums get affected by smoking because it results in insufficient oxygen in the bloodstream. This makes the infected gums fail to heal. Furthermore, the risk of gum diseases is higher for individuals who smoke less than ten cigarettes per day. The risk also increases 4 to 5 times for people that smoke heavily.

    1. Mouth Cancer

Another risk factor of smoking is certain types of cancer, mainly oral cancer. It is cancer of the cheeks, lips, tongue, roof, and floor of the mouth. Early diagnosis of mouth cancer is vital so that the treatment can begin at the earliest stage before it spreads to other body parts and progresses to advanced stages.

Chewing tobacco usually has 28-cancer-causing chemicals known as carcinogens. The most common one is known as tobacco-specific nitrosamines.

Other cancer-causing agents in tobacco include arsenic, cadmium, formaldehyde, benzopyrene, nickel, and acetaldehyde. Treatment of oral cavity cancer usually includes radiotherapy, surgery, and chemotherapy.

    1. Tooth Loss

People who smoke and chew tobacco have a greater risk of losing their natural teeth than those who do not. Losing teeth at the front affects your looks and ability to chew food. It also creates speech issues.

However, losing teeth towards the back side of the mouth creates significant issues with chewing food. As you know, our teeth play a vital role in holding the shape of the lower portion of our face. So, prevention of tooth loss is essential.

    1. Slows Healing After a Dental Treatment

Tobacco chewing and smoking can also make your immune system weak. For example, it makes it tough for the immune system to fight infections. This makes healing slower after experiencing mouth injuries or getting a tooth pulling treatment. Get in touch with the dentist in Calgary if you face an issue after dental treatment.

    1. Tooth Decay

Smoking and tobacco also contribute to decay on the roots of teeth. They are more prone to having infections that do not heal than non-smokers. In that case, visiting the Huntington dentist can help.

    1. Tooth Staining

Another side effect of smoking is staining on teeth. The tar and nicotine in the tobacco make teeth turn yellow in a short time. Those who smoke heavily usually complain about their teeth turning brown after years of smoking.

Other Risks of Chewing Tobacco and Smoking

Tobacco and smoking users are also an increased risk of:

  • Gum recession
  • Abrasion
  • Leukoplakia

Make sure you visit the dentist near you regularly. The expert will help you determine and treat the oral health issues early caused by tobacco and smoking. It will also help you keep your gums and teeth at their healthy stage.

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